Ar dating of sanidine crystals separated from a widespread volcanic ash in the Lenggong Valley, Malaysia, which has been correlated to the eruption from the Toba caldera, located 350 km to the west (12).
If the descendants of these toolmakers survived the Toba supereruption, they could have spread eastwards during the following 2 millennia of cooler climate and lowered sea level, taking advantage of the newly exposed continental shelf and land bridges.High-precision U-Th ages of 75.92 ± 0.15 ka and 71.75 ± 0.11 ka (1σ) for the D-O 20 and 19 warming events, respectively, have been obtained for speleothems from the northern rim of the Alps (NALPS), a region that shares a dominant Atlantic influence and common oxygen isotopic signal with Greenland (15). dating utro Slagelse These ages are systematically younger by about 400 to 600 y than those derived for these D-O events using the NGRIP GICC05modelext timescale (26), but the latter age estimates are an order-of-magnitude less precise (10).The cooling led to a particularly cold stadial between D-O events 20 and 19 that has been linked to the effects of the Toba eruption.However, the reported ages for YTT ash (Table 1) have uncertainties of several thousand years and lack the resolution to differentiate between these millennial-scale climate cycles, limiting progress on synchronizing late Quaternary records and assessing the possible impact of the eruption on climate and ecosystem response in different regions.
Web dating Roskilde
The timing of the NGRIP sulfate peak at 2,548-m depth, relative to the D-O 20 and 19 warming events, is resolved to ± 50 y using the GICC05modelext timescale.When combined with the NALPS ages for D-O 20 and 19, the age of the sulfate peak in the NGRIP core can be constrained to 73.7 ka, with a 1σ uncertainty ± 0.2 ka or better (Table 1).Volcanic ash is widespread in the Lenggong Valley and has been correlated to the 74-ka ignimbrite erupted from the Toba caldera, based on its biotite composition (12).At the archaeological site of Kota Tampan (16), located on an ancient terrace of the Perak River, in situ ash occurs among and above stone artifacts that may have been manufactured by anatomically modern humans (17).The enhanced performance characteristics of this instrument and the high signal-to-noise ratio of the ion-counting detectors lend themselves to increased accuracy and precision of Ar ages of between 67.0 and 167 ka, all but four of which fall in a narrow age range (71.1–78.7 ka), forming a Gaussian distribution in a probability plot (Fig. The weighted mean of this main population is 74.0 ± 0.3 ka [1σ analytical errors, including neutron fluence monitor; mean square of the weighted deviates (mswd) = 1.92, probability of fit (prob.) = 0.0004, Ar intercept of 300 ± 3 is statistically indistinguishable from the atmospheric ratio of 298.6 ± 0.3 (19), thus indicating limited influence from excess argon or xenocrysts in the aliquots and further supporting the weighted mean age result. Including the latter, as well as the uncertainty on the astronomical age of A1T [0.036% at 1σ (20)], does not increase the ± 0.32-ka uncertainty on the weighted mean age of the Toba sanidine crystals at two decimal places (Fig. The high-resolution NGRIP ice core records ∼6 y of high sulfate concentration with a spike at 2,548-m depth, near the start of the prolonged coldest part of the stadial between D-O 20 and 19 (Fig. This sulfate anomaly has been attributed to the Toba eruption (9–11), but the proposed correlation cannot be confirmed because of the ± 5-ka uncertainty associated with the original Greenland Ice Sheet Project 2 (GISP2) ice core model age estimate of 71 ka (9) and the absence of microtephra (10).
Some support for the Toba origin of the sulfate peak in the Greenland ice cores is given by the recovery of glass shards from Arabian Sea sediments; these shards have been geochemically associated with the Toba eruption and were deposited close to the Marine Isotope Stage 4/5 boundary (25).
A precise numerical age for this event has proved elusive, with dating uncertainties larger than the millennial-scale climate cycles that characterized this period.
We report an astronomically calibrated Ar age of 73.88 ± 0.32 ka (1σ, full external errors) for sanidine crystals extracted from Toba deposits in the Lenggong Valley, Malaysia, 350 km from the eruption source and 6 km from an archaeological site with stone artifacts buried by ash.
This age is within the uncertainty of our Ar age for the Toba eruption, so these events cannot have been separated by more than a few centuries.
This correlation affirms the original hypothesis that the large sulfate spikes in the Greenland ice cores between D-O 20 and 19 are most likely related to the Toba eruption (9).