In the 19th century it was occupied twice by German troops during the Schleswig Wars but avoided destruction.As the industrial revolution took hold, the city grew to become the second-largest in the country by the 20th century.It is located on the east coast of the Jutland peninsula, in the geographical centre of Denmark, 187 kilometres (116 mi) northwest of Copenhagen and 289 kilometres (180 mi) north of Hamburg, Germany.
The charter is the first official recognition of the town as a regional power and is by some considered Aarhus' birth certificate.Some official authorities such as the Danish Language Committee, publisher of the Danish Orthographic Dictionary, still retain "Århus" as the main name, providing "Aarhus" as a new, second option, in brackets. kostenlose private kontaktanzeigen Freiburg im Breisgau Archaeologists have conducted several excavations in the inner city since the 1960s revealing wells, streets, homes and workshops.The rampart was later reinforced by Harald Bluetooth, and together with the town's geographical placement, this suggests that Aros was an important trade and military centre.There are strong indications of a former royal residence from the Viking Age in Viby, a few kilometres south of the Aarhus city centre.
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Aarhus grew to become one of the largest cities in the country by the early 16th century.In 1657, octroi was imposed in larger Danish cities which changed the layout and face of Aarhus over the following decades.Today Aarhus is at the cultural and economic core of the region and the largest centre for trade, services and industry in Jutland.The city ranks as the 92nd largest city in the European Union, and as number 234 among world cities. Aarhus is the principal industrial port of the country in terms of container handling and an important trade hub in Kattegat.Major Danish companies have based their headquarters here and people commute for work and leisure from a wide area in Region Midtjylland.
It is a centre for research and education in the Nordic countries and home to Aarhus University, Scandinavia's largest university, including Aarhus University Hospital and INCUBA Science Park.Wooden city walls were erected to prevent smuggling, with gates and toll booths on the major thoroughfares, Mejlgade and Studsgade.The city gates funnelled most traffic through a few streets where merchant quarters were built.The official and religious status spurred growth so in 1477 the defensive earthen ramparts, ringing the town since the Viking age, were abandoned to accommodate expansion.Parts of the ramparts are still in existence today and can be experienced as steep slopes at the riverside and they have also survived in some place names of the inner city, including the streets of Volden (The Rampart) and Graven (The Moat).